|It is believed that cricket was born in the south-east England. In the chronicles of King Edward I, is often referred to a game similar to cricket, where people entertained themselves in Kent in the XIII century.
The word "cricket" may have happened from the word «krick» - the so-called shepherd's bent stick. She locked the gate that led to pasture. Most of cricket played by young farmers, and reported that the game found in continental Europe, even before this game is widespread in England in the XVII century.
In the early 60s of the XVIII century in Hambledon, Hampshire was formed first cricket club. A team from the county for 25 years was the strongest club of the country. No one knew how to beat so hard and so suddenly to throw the ball, as residents of Hampshire.
Soon the center of English cricket has moved to London at the Dorset fields one Thomas Lord opened the ground for the game. Approximately the same place in the British capital and now stands cricket stadium Lord's, the cradle of cricket in its present form.
Later, there was open Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC). He soon became the most powerful country club, under his pressure had changed the rules, so now it is there is leadership of the world cricket.
Early last century, cricket in a short time was included in the Olympic program, but for lack of competition in the sport was dropped.
Cricket spread across the world with the growth of the British Empire. So if you look at the world championship participants in 2003, the list of participating countries with few exceptions will be the former colonies of the empire, "on which the sun never sets." Most advanced and popular cricketer in Australia (World Champion), New Zealand, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Canada and the West Indies (Caribbean team).
Cricket matches can last for several days, and it often seems that on the field, nothing happens, and the players are simply lazy and look around. Often these bounds may take several minutes. Being a fan of cricket in England - the prestigious and wealthy companies often has their own box at the stadium. Cricket is played by two teams of 11 people, each of whom gets a chance to beat and bowl. The task is to destroy the opponent's ball wicket (wicket).
Thus, the goal of the game of cricket - to score more points than the opponent. Points are given for the so-called "rush» (runs). The number of desertions is directly dependent on how far the batsman beat off served him the ball. The farther the ball flew, the more time players spend on the serving team is to return it to center field, but this time the player with the bat, moving from one "gate" to the other, gaining those "rush."
The nature of cricket is such that a match that lasted two to five days (so-called test match), might end in a draw. In the five-day matches involving only teams from different countries, each team gets two opportunities to serve and beat (two innings - two rounds of shots at the gate). In the Premier League, where teams compete against the county, the matches are going for four days.|